Evidence for Emergency Protocols



Prevention of waterborne infections

• Interventions to improve water quality for preventing diarrhoea (PDF)


Wound management

• Tissue adhesives for traumatic lacerations in children and adults (PDF)
• Water for wound cleansing (PDF)
• Honey as a topical treatment for wounds (PDF)


Fracture management

Distal radius fracture
• Anaesthesia for treating distal radial fracture in adults (PDF)
• Bone grafts and bone substitutes for treating distal radial fractures in adults (PDF)
• Conservative interventions for treating distal radial fractures in adults (PDF)
• External fixation versus conservative treatment for distal radial fractures in adults (PDF)
• Percutaneous pinning for treating distal radial fractures in adults (PDF)

Proximal humeral fracture
• Interventions for treating proximal humeral fractures in adults (PDF)

General fracture management
• Antibiotics for preventing infection in open limb fractures (PDF)

Fractures in children
• Interventions for treating wrist fractures in children (PDF


Physical trauma (excluding fractures)

Fluid resuscitation
• Colloids versus crystalloids for fluid resuscitation in critically ill patients (PDF

Brain injury
• Corticosteroids for acute traumatic brain injury (PDF)
• Hypothermia for traumatic head injury (PDF)
• Mannitol for acute traumatic brain injury (PDF)
• Psychological treatment for anxiety in people with traumatic brain injury (PDF)

Spinal cord injury
• Steroids for acute spinal cord injury (PDF)
• Gangliosides for acute spinal cord injury (PDF)


Blood transfusion

• Anti-fibrinolytic use for minimising perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion (PDF)
• Cell salvage for minimising perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion (PDF)
• Desmopressin use for minimising perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion (PDF)
• Fibrin sealant use for minimising peri-operative allogeneic blood transfusion (PDF)
• Recombinant factor Vlla for prevention and treatment of bleeding in patients without haemophilia (PDF)
• Transfusion thresholds and other strategies for guiding allogeneic red blood cell transfusion (PDF)


Post-traumatic stress disorder

• Psychological treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (PDF)
• Psychological debriefing for preventing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (PDF)


Renal

• Emergency interventions for hyperkalaemia (PDF)
• Intermittent versus continuous renal replacement therapy for acute renal failure in adults (PDF)